Multiphonics are two or more notes sounding simultaneously. Video examples and production tips. Impedance spectrum of a modern flute with a B foot measured at the embouchure hole using fingering for the multiphonic C5 & D#6. Z is plotted in dB, i.e. Impedance spectrum of a modern flute with a B foot measured at the embouchure hole using fingering for the multiphonic A#4 with E5. Z is plotted in dB, i.e.

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multiphonics | Helen Bledsoe, Flutist

You may pass it on but please give credit where it is due. Flute 1 Harmonic Multiphonic with notes extracted and combined.

For this situation to apply, the frequencies of the notes have to be such that the effect of the inertia of the air in multipphonics open tone hole is large enough to allow some transmission past the hole, but small enough to produce some reflection. Often is is not an actual, distinct tone that I hear. Imagine you are painting. Now, to explain that bit multiphlnics the low difference tone. Also bear in mind that, depending on many factors, some pitches are microtonal and can be slightly higher or lower as indicated.

That may seem strange but sometimes it works. The fingering can be notated in two ways: A two-note multiphonic requires the superposition of two standing waves whose frequencies, which are not in harmonic ratios, determine the pitches.

You can hear the multiphonic A 4 with E5 played by Geoffrey Collins. When you get the hang of playing these small intervals, it may help to focus on producing this multophonics tone rather than the individual notes themselves. Without doubt, the multiphonic is a most exciting technique.

To study any multiphonic we follow these four basic steps: This is a “bottom-up” approach to producing a Multiphonic. They will sound focused and rich because of the very low difference tone caused by a close interval.


For the Contemporary Flutist

The second fingering however is a typical fork-fingering and indeed creating a more dissonant and intense interval here a ninth. Concentrate first on the lower pitch, supported by the [o] vowel located in the lower part of the mouth cavity. In that way, the multiphonic as well as the other extended techniques will certainly help you to play your Bach, Poulenc, Takemitsu or whatever other multiphonnics with a more flexible and enjoyable sound.

In the Etude 5: Basically throughout the piece, there are just two multiphonics on one breath-phrase. One more thing to mention is that if you really feel attracted by multiphonics and bamboo tones, it is recommended to use an open-hole flute.

It is true that the subject of multiphonic can be quite complex and demanding. Here is a 14 page booklet I put together on how to do the basics multiohonics some extended techniques: The rest of the energy in the incident wave continues down the bore, until it reaches the first in a series of open tone holes.

In my Flute Talk article, I touch on the subject of small-interval multiphonics. The rest of the energy in the incident wave continues down the bore, until it reaches the first in a series of open tone holes. In new music compositions in the flute literature, we multiphonivs that the fork-fingerings are the most frequently multiphonis fingerings for creating a multiphonics.

We may multiiphonics the fork-fingering from the recorder. Join and Register Now! So with a total of now six open holes I have even more combinations of open holes available, which I all can manipulate directly with the finger or the thumb.

Open up the embouchure hole and let both notes in. Multiphonics are two or more notes sounding simultaneously. Any further suggestions are welcome.

To compare flutes, it is easiest to open a separate browser window for each instrument. This is specifically geared towards ensemble writing. Fingering a key depressed a key not depressed a part of the mechanism that is not normally touched Details in fingering multiphonjcs. Second, tune your throat and the support to the lowest note.


A most fruitful Tool! You can recognize the first fingering as a basic fingering, consequently creating more consonant intervals in this case a fifth.

Here it is reflected to make the second standing wave. Now, halfway such brush movement, we change the brush-position or the direction, changing the image of the painted line. Next take a breath and do the opposite: In that way, we may experience the multiphonic not as just two simultaneously sounds, but as a most attractive sculpture, as an object of sound. Non-specialist introduction to acoustic impedance Non-specialist introduction to flute acoustics.

A basic fingering creates a clear ending of the vibration and will always have a bel canto sound quality.

You can see this demonstrated in the photo of the nay player Abdo El-Chamy Egypt. The first line of advice on how to produce these comes from Robert himself, and can be viewed here. Flute 2 Multiphonics with pitches separated and then combined. By controlling the airflow and by manipulating the vibration inside the tube we can indeed play two pitches at once, like two different waves co-existing inside the same tube.

For low-pitched notes, the tone hole is usually small. Now, intend to play both pitches simultaneously. Acoustics of baroque, classical and modern flutes. Goge – a short extract of Shomyo, reciting by Japanese Multiphonocs monks, Japan.