Law should now take into consideration the new legal situation caused . the asylum (Basaglia, a, b), where there are no Prima della legge The Italian mental health care is based on Law (it. Legge ), also called Legge Basaglia, from the name of the author of the reform, Franco Basaglia. La psicopatologia e la “LEGGE ”. 4 novembre, – I. La prospettiva della psicopatologia. Ho pensato di dare il mio contributo al Quarantennale.
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This is a commonplace which first emerged as the asylums were closing and which remains extremely powerful today — and not just in Italy. Foot also highlights the role of a number lfgge extraordinary films and photobooks in contributing to the anti-psychiatry movement, and in conveying what was at stake in deinstitutionalization, such Matti da Slegare, a documentary about the Colorno asylum; I Giardini di Abele, a TV film about Gorizia addressed to a popular Italian audience that presents the problem of the asylum not as specialized problem but as ‘ our basagli, e verybody’s problem’ p.
Psychiatry had become a political fact. American psychiatrist Loren Mosher called Basaglia the most innovative and influential European psychiatrist since Freud. In addition, Foot refers frustratingly to two or three photographs, one of them a group photograph to which he returns several times ‘she is sitting between Pirella and the head nurse, surrounded by seven men’ p.
Among the variety of possible approaches, it is important to differentiate the several levels of psychoanalytic contribution to psychiatric teams. Read the Guardian Review: At Perugia, with its vast Santa Margherita asylum complex, there was a successful attempt ‘both to humanize the hospital and create an alternative to it at the same time’ p.
The legacy of Reggio Emilia, and the history of psychiatric reforms at San Lazzaro asylum, has been caught up in a number of personal conflicts and sectarian accounts, largely centred on disagreements and splits between Basglia and Giovanni Jervis, that have exaggerated the differences between Reggio and other Basaglian places of change.
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The training of the operators was imposed as an instrument to care for the patient and his suffering and in parallel, alongside the individual intervention and pharmacological support, attention was drawn to the context in which the patient was born, formed and lived.
Ironically, with this title Franco Basaglia is thrown back into the pit of stereotypes and misrepresentations from which it has been the business of the book to retrieve him. He was driven, but always, it seems, grounded. It is, at the very least, a distortion, not to say a gross misrepresentation, of the content and argument of the book, and of the author’s intentions. While discussing the process of transformation of mental health care across the European Region, Matt Muijen argues that the influence of professionals has obviously been decisive, mostly psychiatrists who acted as advocates of change, such as Philippe Pinel in France in the 19th century and Franco Basaglia in Italy in the 20th.
As a distinguished historian of modern Italy, the author of works on diverse subjects such as Italy’s Divided Memorya study, with considerable relevance to the present work, of the divisive ways in which events have been interpreted, the facts themselves often contested, and also of Pedalare!
Though it was written in English, the book was first published in Italian under the playfully ironic title of La ‘Repubblica dei Matti’: And, are they really mad?
First international congress of social psychiatry. Taking their cue from this polemical background, Basaglia and the Italian movement became fair game for mockery and derision in the accounts of some historians of psychiatry, such as Roy Porter who in referred to Basaglia as ‘Enrico Basaglia’, labelling him ‘a boisterous anti-psychiatrist’.
More quickly than at Gorizia or at Trieste, the action shifted away from the asylum, taking issues ‘linked to mental health out into the streets, cities, towns and villages’ of Umbria p. The law itself lasted until December 23, John Foot gives a much more rounded, and fair, portrait of a complicated, committed man: The case of Emilia-Romagna within the Italian psychiatric context”.
American psychiatrist Loren Mosher called the Basaglia Law a revolutionary one  and believed that valuable lessons might be learned from the lefge intrinsic to the models used in developing the law, and from the national health insurance support which implemented it. La Rivista di Psicologia Analitica.
Roy Porter dismisses them as resulting in ‘chaos’ and Andrew Scull assimilates Basaglia into a narrative of the closure of asylums that is, by and large, a story of madness cast out and abandoned. In the 50th issue of “Information Sheets: In the long legacy of misrepresentation that Foot uncovers it is, especially, the English-speaking world, and notably the British, who have been the most ardent and consistent contributors Foot devotes a chapter to ‘Basaglia and the British’starting from a notorious article by Kathleen Jones and Alison Poletti in the British Journal of Psychiatry in and succeeded by a string of other commentaries and polemics.
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It bore on its cover a classic Basaglian statement of the institutional reality of the mental patient. Though the reaction in the UK to the creation of Law and its aftermath was not universally negative, even so bzsaglia only ‘the negative aspects and arguments have survived the debate, while the other points and discussions have been forgotten or marginalized’ p.
This law imposed the closure of mental hospitals and established public mental health services. In addition, he is not burdened by any kind of formal background in mental health or history of psychiatry, and so leggge innocent of the prejudices and preconceptions that those of us on the inside track frequently carry with us, and in a position to make common cause in this respect with the voluntari, the lay persons bassaglia, who made such a notable contribution to the Italian movement through their enthusiasm and basaglka of outlook.
In many respects it epitomised the anti-authoritarian spirit ofa symbol of a culture of revolt. Partly, this is a function of the pace and spread of Foot’s narrative where he does not permit us to linger long, basagkia there is basahlia another damn destination to be reached.
Having personally taken part, during the years of my psychoanalytic training, to the process of deinstitutionalisation of the Arezzo Psychiatric Hospital and setting up of the territory community Mental Health Services, I can comment as an insider the logic and limits of that experience and the reform that derived from it. Though the local press questioned the right of a gas-meter reader to criticize eminent psychiatrists, Tommasini was undeterred, devoting himself wholeheartedly to the struggle to close the institution and free its ‘prisoners’, using the word ‘kidnapped’ to describe what had happened to them, and saying to himself: This work started out as a kind of biography of the Italian radical psychiatrist Franco Basaglia, but it turned into something different — a cultural basaglix of a wide-ranging and multi-faceted movement.
Basaglia Law – Wikipedia
The road ahead was hard, for Tommasini found himself initially at loggerheads with the director and staff at Colorno, who mostly viewed the patients as dangerous, but he succeeded in getting many of the nurses on his side, reducing the numbers of patients in the asylum and in creating a series of ‘alternative work-based and therapeutic associations and spaces across the province’ p.
There are a few oddities, omissions and limitations that deserve mention. Social Exclusion and Nation Formation since Cambridge,p. Basaglia interpreted mental illness as a socio-political problem and drew upon Husserl’s concept of ‘bracketing’, the suspension of judgement in the first encounter with reality, in his approach to mental patients, maintaining that it was essential to establish a relationship with the individual patient independently of the label by which that individual had been defined.
Even though there has been a rich theoretical output on institutions and social issues, psychoanalysts have waited a long time before challenging with the task of applying their psychoanalytic knowledge about the human mind to the management of institutions.